|◄ NOVEMBER ►|
|◄ 1950 ►|
|President:||Harry S Truman (D)|
|Vice-President:||Alben W. Barkley (D)|
|House:||260 (D)||166 (R)||2 (Other)||7 (Vacant)|
|Southern states:||101 (D)||2 (R)||2 (Vacant)|
|Senate:||54 (D)||42 (R)|
|Southern states:||22 (D)|
|US killed in action,||3,627||(This month)|
|Korean conflict:||12,311||(Since Jun 28, 1950)|
▲Wednesday, November 1
Nov 1: Two Puerto Rican nationalists try to assassinate President Truman. At 12:15 p.m., Griselio Torresola and Oscar Collazo attack Blair House, where Truman is staying while the White House is being reconstructed. Collazo tries to break through the front door. He shoots Capitol police officer Donald Birzell in the knee, and is wounded when three other Secret Service agents open fire. Torresola shoots White House police officer Leslie Coffelt, who returns fire and kills Torresola instantly. Coffelt will die of his wounds several hours later.
▲Thursday, November 2
▲Friday, November 3
▲Saturday, November 4
▲Sunday, November 5
Nov 5: Chinese forces, surprised by their victory in Unsan, press forward with the goal of pushing U.N. forces back into Pyongyang. But food and ammunition forces force the Chinese to disengage. This ends the Chinese First Phase campaign, much to the surprise and relief of U.N. commanders. This leads Gen. MacArthur and other U.N. brass to mistakenly assume that only a smaller, weaker Chinese force is present in North Korea.
▲Monday, November 6
▲Tuesday, November 7
▲Wednesday, November 8
▲Thursday, November 9
▲Friday, November 10
▲Saturday, November 11
▲Sunday, November 12
Nov 12: The innovated but now struggling Crosley Motors introduces a new diminutive station wagon to its subcompact lineup. Crosley Motors. The car manufacturer a closely-held spin-off of Cincinnati-based Crosley Corporation, which is a well-known radio and home appliance manufacturer, and broadcaster (WLW was for many years the world’s most powerful broadcast station with listeners as far away as Germany). Crosley Motors makes subcompacts only, having introduced the first compact car to American consumers in 1939, and it has stuck with the 80-inch (203 cm) wheelbase ever since. The new station wagon, at just $1,133, is most expensive model in the lineup. Prices start at $998 (about $10,400 today) for a small “business coupe.” A pickup truck can be had for the same price. Just a hundred dollars more ($1,040 today) can get you a Hotshot roadster, club convertible or “deluxe” sedan. A panel delivery truck is also available for $1,020 ($10,600 today). That gives you a small, affordable vehicle with a four-cylinder 26½ horsepower engine capable of cruising at 50 mph (80 km/h) and delivering between 35 to 50 miles per gallon (6.7 to 4.7 L/100km). Crosleys also feature electric windshield wipers, Bendix hydraulix brakes, and roll-windows. (Models before 1950 had sliding side windows.) Crosleys were very popular with a car-starved public when civilian production resumed in 1946. Those post-war models used an innovative CoBra (for Copper Brazed) engine that was reliable for military use with regular maintenance, but civilians weren’t so diligent and corrosion became a problem. By 1949, Crosley’s reputation sank. Crosely replaced the CoBra with one using a traditional cast-iron block and made replacement engines available to owners of older models. Maenwhile, other American carmakers have introduced more lavish cars that are priced, in some cases, only a little more than a new Crosley. Sales of Crosleys plunge from a peak in 1948 of 27,707 cars to only 7,612 in 1950.
▲Monday, November 13
▲Tuesday, November 14
▲Wednesday, November 15
Nov 15: The new Lincolns go on display at Lincoln-Mercury dealerships across the country. The 1951 models feature smart new styling, with new rear quarter panels and fenders giving it a longer, lower, and more streamlined shape. A redesigned roof panel accommodates a 29% larger curved rear windows. Changes extend to the front bumpers, grille, and interior appointments. Two models are available, the Lincoln and the Cosmopolitan. All Lincolns and Lincoln Cosmopolitans feature V-8 engines delivering 154 horsepower. The Lincoln six passenger coupe starts at $2,621 (about $27,200 today), and the Cosmopolitan starts at $3,285 (about 34,100 today). The Cosmopolitan convertible tops out at $4,052 (about $42,100 today).
▲Thursday, November 16
▲Friday, November 17
▲Saturday, November 18
▲Sunday, November 19
▲Monday, November 20
▲Tuesday, November 21
▲Wednesday, November 22
Nov 22: A Long Island Rail Road commuter train, which had stopped on the tracks while a motorman struggled to release a grabbing air brake, is rammed from behind by another train. The crash occurs on the railroad’s mail line in Queens, between the Kew Gardens and Jamaica stations. Seventy-eight are killed, including everyone in the last car of the stopped train. Thirteen are critically injured, and 350 others are hurt in the worst train wreck in New York history.
▲Thursday, November 23
▲Friday, November 24
Nov 24: Gen. Douglas MacArthur launches his “Home by Christmas” offensive as a final assault by U.N. forces. He sends 110,000 U.N. troops northward to take all of North Korea all the way to the Yalu River.
Nov 24: Ford Motor Company’s new 1951 models appear in dealer showrooms today across the country. The big news for 1951 is Ford’s new three-speed Ford-o-matic automatic transmission, which is essentially the same transmission as the one announced for the 1951 Mercury line a month ago. It’s a $168.50 option (about $1,800 toady), the same price as that charged for the Mercury line. Body styles are relatively unchanged from the year before, but the front end sports a new dual-bullet grille and longer wrap-around chrome bumpers, which gives it a heftier appearance. New for this year is the Victoria, a two-door hard top that proves a popular competitor to the Chevrolet Bel Air. Prices begin with at $1,324 (about $13,750 today) for the Deluxe 6 Business Coup and top out at $2,058 (about $21,400 today) for the Custom 8 station wagon.
▲Saturday, November 25
Nov 25: Eric Johnson, President of the Motion Picture Association of America, issues a press release on behalf of major studio heads announcing the firing of ten Hollywood screenwriters and directors who refused to answer questions before the House Un-American Activities Committee. The statement also assures Congress, “We will not knowingly employ a Communist or a member of any party or group which advocates the overthrow of the government of the United States.” This is regarded as the public beginning of the Hollywood blacklist, although no one will publicly admit that such a list exists.
▲Sunday, November 26
Nov 26: A week after Gen. MacArthur’s troops reach the Chinese border at the Yalu River in Hyesanjin, the People’s Republic of China launches a massive counterattack to the west, with 300,000 soldiers on the Ch’ongch’on River and the Chosin Reservoir. The Chinese troops drive a wedge between the Eighth Army on the northwestern front and X Corps in the northeast.
▲Monday, November 27
▲Tuesday, November 28
Nov 28: Gen. MacArthur releases a statement acknowledging that his promise to be “home by Christmas” is now in shambles in the face of a massive Chinese onslaught. His new statement says, “We face an entirely new war. … This has shattered the high hope we had that the intervention of the Chinese was only of a token nature on a volunteer and individual basis as publicly announced.”
▲Wednesday, November 29
▲Thursday, November 30
Nov 30: Apparently rattled by the strength of Chinese victories in Korea, President Truman tells reporters at a news conference that he will take “all necessary steps to meet the military situation.” A reporter asks, “Will that include the atomic bomb?” Truman answers, “That would include every weapon that we have.” Another reporter follows up: “Does that mean that there is active consideration of the use of the atomic bomb?” Truman responds, “Always there has been active consideration of its use.” A third reporter asks, “Did we understand you clearly” about active consideration of atomic weapons in Korea. Truman says it “always has been. It is one of our weapons.” Another reporter asks if he would seek U.N. authorization before using atomic weapons. Truman answers that he and the military commanders in the field would make such a decision. Foreign leaders express grave fears over this development. British Prime Minister Clement Attlee announces to Commons that he will immediately fly to Washington for an emergency meeting with Truman.