|◄ JUNE ►|
|◄ 1952 ►|
|President:||Harry S Truman (D)|
|Vice-President:||Alben W. Barkley (D)|
|House:||231 (D)||200 (R)||1 (Other)||3 (Vacant)|
|Southern states:||103 (D)||2 (R)|
|Senate:||50 (D)||46 (R)|
|Southern states:||22 (D)|
|US killed in action,||581||(This month)|
|Korean conflict:||29,201||(Since Jun 28, 1950)|
Jun 2: The U.S. Supreme Court rules 6-3 that President Truman’s seizure of the steel mills to avert a strike violated the Constitution by usurping the powers of Congress. The steel mills revert back to private ownership. Within the hour, United Steelworkers of America president Philip Murray calls a strike which shuts down the entire industry. The government immediately orders a halt to steel deliveries to manufacturers of consumer goods in an effort to conserve it for defense needs.
Jun 7: The United Nations delegation walks out of the deadlocked Korean truce talks in Panmunjom, forcing a three day recess. Senior Allied delegate Maj. Gen. William K. Harrison tells the North Korean and Chinese negotiators that he will return to Panmunjom on June 10 “or at a later date if the Communists so desire.” He says that the Allies are fed up with Communist stalling and propaganda “drivel.” The only remaining issue standing in the way of signing an armistice is the right of prisoners of war to refuse repatriation. The Communists insist that all POWs held by the allies be returned to North Korea and China whether they want to go or not. The Allies however point out that many of the prisoners are South Koreans pressed into North Korean service when the North occupied large areas of the south. Other prisoners from the North also say they do not wish to return to Communist-held territory.
Jun 10: American troops use tanks, tear gas, and concussion grenades to retake full control of Compound 76 of the U.N. prisoner of war camp on Koje Island. The compound, where the camp’s then-commander Brig. Gen. Francis T. Dodd had been taken captive in May, has been under complete Communist control inside its barbed-wire fences for several months. It takes about 45 minutes for the American paratroopers to retake control, during which thirty-nine Koreans are killed, some of them anti-communists who are executed by pro-communist prisoners controlling the compound. POW leaders in neighboring Compound 77 say that they will peacefully comply with American orders to evacuate their compound the next day.
Jun 10: President Truman appears before a joint session of Congress to appeal for authorization to retake control of the nation’s steel mills. The Senate quickly rejects the idea in a 47-32 vote. The Senate then approves a resolution, 49-30, asking Truman to invoke the Taft-Hartley Act whichwould impose an 80-day cooling off period.
Jun 11: Compound 77 of the Koje Island POW camp is peacefully evacuated, but American forces find the bodies of at least sixteen North Korean prisoners of war who had been executed by pro-Communist leaders controlling the compound.
Jun 15: Anne Frank’s Diary of a Young Girl is published in English with an introduction by Eleanor Roosevelt.
Jun 17: The U.N. allies walk out of armistice negotiations at Panmunjom again, forcing another three-day recess in the deadlocked talks. The walkout occurs after North Korean Lt. Gen. Nam Il renews his verbal attack on the “illegal” principle that no war prisoner will be sent back to Communist territory against his will. The Allies have insisted that there will be no forced repatriations.
Jun 19: A British Court in the colony of Aden (later to become part of Yemen) has ruled in favor of the British-owned Anglo-Iranian Oil company in AIOC’s fight to enforce a blockade of Iranian oil from world markets. The court grants a temporary injunction holding a small Italian tanker Rose Mary in the port of Aden under British police guard. The tanker is loaded with 1,000 tons of oil from the nationalized AIOC refinery in Abadan, Iran. AIOC says that it owns the oil that was refined in Abadan, and warns it will prosecute anyone dealing in stolen oil.
Jun 23-24, 26-27: More than 500 Air Force, Marine and Navy planes bomb the huge Suiho Dam on the Yalu River separating North Korea and China. Three other hydroelectric dams are also attacked, cutting North Korea’s electricity-generating capability by 90%.
Jun 27: The U.N. allies walk out of armistice negotiations at Panmunjom yet again, forcing another three-day recess in the deadlocked talks. The walkout occurs after a fruitless 55-minute meeting in which the Communist negitators angrily insist on the forced repatriation of all North Korean prisoners of war regardless of whether the POWs want to return to North Korea or China.
Jun 30: As the steel strike drags on with no end in sight, Ford Motor Company announces that it is shutting down all of its assembly lines at the end of the day, idling 27,500 workers. General Motors has already laid off 38,500 workers due to the lack of steel. Overall, more than 750,000 workers are out of work because of the strike. The workers idled include steelworkers, workers in industries dependent on steel, as well as coal miners, ore miners, railroad workers, and Great Lakes transport workers, all of which supply material to the mills.